• A Comprehensive Approach to the Analysis of Cooling Tower Performance

    White Papers, Technical Papers, Popular

    The generally accepted concept of cooling tower performance was developed by Merkel in 1925. The Merkel Equation combines the sensible and latent heat transfer into an overall process based on enthalpy potential as the driving force.

    English (North America)
  • Air Inlet Water Management

    White Papers

    Cooling towers bring water and air into contact to drive heat transfer. At the interface, where air and water first meet, an important objective is to retain water inside the tower.

    English (North America)
  • Application of Cooling Towers for Free Cooling

    White Papers, Technical Papers

    Energy costs and operating efficiency have gained considerable importance in the minds of many building owners and plant operators in recent years. Current prospects for future prices of energy resources suggest that these issues will become even more urgent as environmental concerns and the high cost of money exert an ever greater impact on building design and operation.

    English (North America), Russian
  • ASHRAE Guideline 12-2000 Legionellosis

    Technical Papers, Popular

    Minimizing the Risk of Legionellosis Associated with Building Water Systems.

    Posted with permission from ASHRAE ©2000.  This document may not be copied nor distributed in either paper or digital form without ASHRAE’s permission.
    Contact ASHRAE at http://www.ashrae.org.

    English (North America)
  • Cold Weather Operation of Cooling Towers

    Technical Papers

    This technical paper’s primarily purpose is to address the cold weather operation of open-circuit cooling towers associated with water cooled chiller systems, including those with waterside economizers.

    English (North America), Russian
  • Cooling Options take the LEED

    Corporate Publications, Technical Papers

    SPX Cooling Technologies is a member of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) and an advocate of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Program.

    English (North America), Chinese
  • Cooling Tower Approach

    Technical Papers

    The simplest function of a cooling tower is to cool water to a desired temperature. For evaporative processes, the difference between the cold water temperature and entering wet bulb temperatures is the approach.

    English (North America)
  • Cooling Tower Energy and Its Management

    White Papers, Technical Papers

    Because of the fuel shortages which began to manifest themselves in the early 1970s, the cost of energy began an asymptotic rise. The level of attention to energy savings has risen as a part of a broader green approach to design, including carbon footprint.

    Russian
  • Cooling Tower Fundamentals

    Corporate Publications, Technical Papers, Popular

    Cooling Tower Fundamentals is devoted to the implementation of water cooling systems which satisfy design and environmental requirements with sound engineering and responsible cost.

    (Notice: please be patient while downloading, this is a large document)

    English (North America)
  • Cooling Tower Performance Basic Theory and Practice

    Technical Papers, Popular

    A cooling tower is a specialized heat exchanger in which two fluids (air and water) are brought into direct contact with each other to affect the transfer of heat.

    Russian
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